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.303 Vickers machine Gun

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    Posted: November 03 2007 at 12:13pm
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Cookie Monster Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: November 03 2007 at 12:21pm
Vickers%20.303%20Water-Cooled%20Machine%20Gun%20
 

Vickers, 303in Mark 1 Water-Cooled Machine Gun. Introduced in 1912
(Photo shows MG in standard orientation with tripod legs.)

This, the standard water-cooled weapon, remained in service for Great Britain until 1968. It was the medium machine gun used by all British Commonwealth forces in the Korean War, although Australian forces occasionally used the US .30 A4.

Continuous automatic fire generated tremendous heat in the barrel and Maxim overcame this problem by encasing The barrel is encased in a water jacket, containing about 7.5 pints. Heat from continuous firing caused the water to boil, the steam indicating the gun's position. Attaching a tube from a vent in the jacket into a can of water condensed the steam and helped conceal the gun's position. The water-can also helped resupply the jacket, since there was an evaporation rate of about 1.5 pints per 1,000 rounds fired.

Operation Fully automatic, recoil operated, water-cooled
Caliber .303in
Ammunition Mk 8z ball; 174 gr bullet, 36.5 gr charge
Muzzle velocity 2400 fps
Capacity 250-round fabric belt, 22 lb. with box
Weight Unloaded, 40 lb.
Overall length 45.5 in
Rate of fire 450 rounds per minute
Effective range 2000m (2200 yds)

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Cookie Monster Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: November 03 2007 at 12:22pm

The Vickers machine-gun was an inprovement on the original Maxim. The main difference lies in the fact that the toggle locking action was inverted, but the weight was also considerably reduced by careful stress calculations and by the use of good grade steel and aluminium. The gun was adopted by the British Army in November 1912, and remained as the standard support-fire machine gun until the middle 1960s, when it was replaced by the L7A1 GPMG. In its time, the Vickers pattern went through twelve or more modifications, mostly minor, and was substantially the same gun after fifty years of service. It was heavy, fairly slow-firing, prone to a number of stoppages from the ammunition, but reliable in itself and well loved by all but the enemy. It worked in the most adverse conditions, and its water-cooled barrel ensured long life for the bore by helping to maintain low temperature. It was used in aircraft (for which it was air-cooled), in ships, in tanks, as a ground AA gun, on armoured trains, on armoured cars, and in a host of other roles.

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Eric Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: November 04 2007 at 7:19am
Interesting history and pics CM.  Thanks for posting them.
 
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Cookie Monster Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: November 04 2007 at 8:39am

Thank you Eric

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